Organizing Code and Files
When you setup a PHP Framework, it already has a certain folder structure. Most of the Framework uses MVC (Model-View-Controller) guideline or structure for managing the code. MVC pattern allows to separate business logics and presentation layer of your website, making its structure consistent and maintainable. It is expected from you to follow the same standards and keep everything organized in a certain way. Once you get used to this model, you will never want to go back.
The MVC Pattern
The Popular PHP frameworks like Laravel, Symfony follow Model View Controller(MVC) design pattern which separates business logic from user interface making the code cleaner and extensible. The way the MVC Pattern applies to PHP applications is as follows:
- Models represent your data structures, usually by interfacing with the database.
- Views contain page templates and output.
- Controllers handle page requests and bind everything together.
- Enforcing of Good Coding Standards
Another advantage of using Framework is maintaining coding standard in an efficient manner. Coding conventions are a set of guidelines for a specific programming language that recommend programming style, practices and methods for each aspect of a piece program written in this language. Using Framework makes it so much easier to code as you should.
Utilities and Libraries
PHP is a great language for web development and provides countless number of tools and libraries. As everybody can guess, these frameworks contains a lot of libraries to make your job easier. All top PHP frameworks come with certain Libraries and Helpers, that help you with:
- Form Validation
- SOAP/REST API
- Caching Mechanism
- Input/Output Filtering
- Data Handle With JSON
- Database Abstraction
- Session and Cookie Handling
- Email, Calendar, Pagination, etc…
- Less Code & Faster Development
These MVC frameworks will really help you to develop the project rapidly, if you know one framework well then you’ll never worry about the project deadline. You will write less code, which means less time spent typing. You will not have to chase down 3rd party libraries all the time for every new project because most of them will come with the default framework installed. While working on a large project in a team, these MVC PHP frameworks will be a great tool for development as you can assign a developer to develop the MVC part of a module for a developer and integration will be quite easy for these developed modules at final level. Also, since you are being more organized, it will be much faster to chase down bugs, maintain code, and make changes to the existing code.
All popular PHP Frameworks have great active communities behind them. There is no lack of support from the community, the documentation, and the developers. If you have any questions or need any clarifications, a quick search with the right keywords should almost always give you relevant results. If not, there’s still the message boards, mailing lists, the official and unofficial forums or the unofficial IRC channel.
With a framework, most of the work for code security can be done for you automatically. For example:
- Central Authentication
- Any value passed to database object gets filtered against SQL injection attacks
- Central input validation and filtering
- All HTML generating functions, such as form helpers and URL helpers filter the output automatically
- Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF) Protection
- Session Management Security
- Cross Site Scripting (XSS) Protection
- Encrypting cookies
- Performance Tools
Framework tools are utility module for maintaining modular applications. You can actually gain per Code generation makes developers life easier by creating files and default content automatically so you don’t have to do the same thing again. Framework comes with tools that help you to do caching, benchmarks, profiling, etc… Modern frameworks are also great with dynamic loading, as they load code only as needed. Lazy loading concept is also there, to make the web page ready, till the time content is ready. Different page requests can load different amounts of library code based on what needs to be used.
Simplified and Pretty URLs
Most Frameworks use a bit of mod_rewrite magic to ensure your URLs are always clean and accessible. Apache handles requests to a particular URL, and (hidden to the client) returns this URL to /index.php as a GET string. The index page instantiates your main framework object. Accessible URLS also help with SEO. URLs are great for the below reasons:
- They look prettier
- They are easier to remember
- They help you save filespace on pages which have many links
- They are easier to link to, both for you and for other webbies
- They help cut down on typos because there is less confusion about what exactly to write and type
Access Database Efficiently
Framework provides the way to access database in an object-oriented way. Instead of directly interacting with the database using SQL queries, you can use any Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) model to manage the structure and relationships between your data. With ORM model, you can map your database table to a PHP class and a row from that table is mapped to an instance of that class.